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[LV.7]常住居民III

发表于 2013-11-24 15:35:04 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式

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1.表示原因
1)There are three reasons for this.
2)The reasons for this are as follows.
3)The reason for this is obvious.
4)The reason for this is not far to seek.
5)The reason for this is that...
6)We have good reason to believe that...
例如: There are three reasons for the changes that have taken place in our life.Firstly,people’
s living standard has been greatly improved.Secondly,most people are well paid,and they can afford
what they need or like.Last but not least,more and more people prefer to enjoy modern life.
注:如考生写第一个句子没有把握,可将其改写成两个句子。如:Great changes have taken place
in our life. There are three reasons for this.这样写可以避免套用中的表达失误。新四六级备考专题:
包含报考信息、四六级新题型介绍、四级满分牛人经验谈等
2.表示好处
1)It has the following advantages.
2)It does us a lot of good.
3)It benefits us quite a lot.
4)It is beneficial to us.
5)It is of great benefit to us.
例如: Books are like friends.They ca n help us know the world better,and they can open our minds
and widen our horizons.Therefore,reading extensively is of great benefit to us.
3.表示坏处
1)It has more disadvantages than advantages.
2)It does us much harm.
3)It is harmfulto us.
例如: However,everything dividesinto two.Television can also be harmful to us.It can do harm to
our health and make us lazy if we spend too much time watching televi- sion.
4.表示重要、必要、困难、方便、可能
1)It is important(necessary,difficult,convenient, possible)for sb.to do sth.
2)We think it necessary to do sth.
3)It plays an important role in our life.
例如: Computers are now being used everywhere,whether in the government, in schools or in
business.Soon, computers will be found in every home, too.We have good reason to say that
computers are playing an increasingly important role in our life and we have stepped into the
Computer Age.
5.表示措施
1)We should take some effective measures.
2)We should try our best to overcome(con quer)the difficulties.
3)We should do our utmost in doing sth.
4)We should solve the problems that we are confronted(faced)with.
例 如 : The housing problem that we are confronted with is becoming more and more
serious.Therefore,we must take some effective measures to solve it.
6.表示变化
1)Some changes have taken place in the past five years.
2)A great change will certainly be produced in the world’s communications.
3)The computer has brought about many changes in education.
例如: Some changes have taken place in people’s diet in the past five years.The major reasons for
these changes are not far to seek.Nowadays,more and more people are switching from grain to meat
for protein,and from fruit and vegetable to milk for vitamins.
7.表示事实、现状
1)We cannot ignore the fact that...
2)No one can deny the fact that...
3)There is no denying the fact that...
4)This is a phenomenon that many people are interested in.
5)However,that's not the case.
例如: We cannot ignore the fact that industrialization brings with it the problems of pollution.To
solve these problems, we can start by educating the public about the hazards of pollution.The
government on its part should also design stricter laws to promote a cleaner environment.
8.表示比较
1)Compared with A,B...
2)I prefer to read rather than watch TV.
3)There is a striking contrast between them.
例如: Compared with cars,bicycles have several advantages besides being affordable.Firstly,they
do not consume natural resources of petroleum.Secondly,they do not cause the pollution problem.Last
but not least,they contribute to people’s health by giving them due physical exercise.新四六级备考
专题:包含报考信息、四六级新题型介绍、四级满分牛人经验谈等
9.表示数量
1)It has increased(decreased)from...to...
2)The population in this city has now increased (decreased)to 800,000.
3)The output of July in this factory increased by 15% compared with that of January.
例如:With the improvement of the living standard,the proportion of people’s income spent on food
has dec reased while that spent on education has increased.
再如:From the graph listed above,itcan be seen that student use of computers has increased from an
average of less than two hours per week in 1990 to 20 hours in 2000.
注:“From the graph listed above,it can be seen that”见句式 12。考生将句式 9和句式 12结合在
一起,便可较好地写出 2002年 6月 CET -4、6短文写作的第一段。
10.表示看法
1)People have(take,adopt,assume)different attitudes towards sth.
2)People have different opinions on this problem.
3)People take different views of(on)the question.
4)Some people believe that...Others argue that...
例如: People have different attitudes towards failure.Some believe that failure leads to success.
Every failure they experience translates into a greater chance of success at their renewed
endeavor.However, others are easily discouraged by failures and put themselves into the category of
losers.
再如:Do“lucky numbers”really bring good luck?Different people have different views on it.
注:一个段落有时很适宜以问句开始,考生应掌握这一写作方法。
11.表示结论
1)In short,it can be said that...
2)It may be briefly summed up as follows.
3)From what has been mentioned above,we can come to the conclusion that ...
例如: From what has been mentioned above,we can come to the conclusion that examination is
necessary,however, its method should be improved.
注:例句 1可用于任何一个段落的结论句;例句 3则多用文章结论段的第一句。
12.套语
1)It’s well known to us that ...
2)As is known to us,...
3)This is a topic that is being widely talked about.
4)From the graph(table,chart)listed above,it can be seen that ...
5)As aproverb says,“Where there is a will,there is a way.
例如:As is well known to us,it is important for the students to know the world outside campus. The
reason for this is obvious.Nowadays,the society is changing and developing rapidly,and the campus
is no longer an“ ivory tower.As college students,we must get in touch with the world outside the
campus.Only in this way can we adapt ourselves to the society quickly after we graduate.
再如: Does it pay to be honest?This is a topic that is being widely talked about and different people
have different
开头句式背景句:
1.There is no consensus of opinions among people as to… some people tend to have a favorable
attitude toward…While, others have an unpleasant association with…
2. Recently, the issue of ...... has been brought into public focus. 近来,_______的问题引起了社会的
广泛关注。
3. Recently the issue of (whether…or not) has been in the limelight(成为引人注目的中心) and has
aroused wide concern in the public. 近来,是否_______的问题已经非常明确而且引起了社会
的广泛关注。
4. Along with the advance of the society more and more problems are brought to our attention, one of
which is .... 随着社会的不断发展,出现了越来越多的问题,其中之一便是____________。
5. Now we are entering a brand new era full of opportunities and innovations, and great changes have
taken place in people's attitude towards some traditional practice. 现在我们进入了一个充满机
遇和创新的崭新时代,很多人对某些传统的看法也发生了很大改变。
6.______ has become a hot topic among people,especially among the young and heated debates are
right on their way.
______已成为人的关注的热门话题,特别是在年青人当中,将引发激烈的辩论。
7.In no country other than China, it has been said, is the problem of ____more serious.
中间句式过渡句:
1.Most of us,however,have formed a different picture of…some people thinktheyare beneficial,
while others hold the opposite view.
2.And we rarely reach an absolute consensus on such a controversial issue. 对于这种极具争议
的话题,我们很难作出绝对的回答。
3.People from different backgrounds would put different interpretations on the same case. 不同行业
的人对同一种问题的解释不尽相同。
4. harbor the idea that,
take the attitude that,
hold the view that,认为
5.Some people take the attitude that…can produce positive effects on us
6.Those who have already benefited from practicing it sing high praise of it.
First of all…Furthermore…What’s more…
7.The other side of the picture is quite the opposite.
8.Others harbor the idea that,…may bring about negative impacts on us.
Those who strongly disapprove of ... have cogent reasons for it. For one thing ,
For another,
9. There are some factors leading to this problem.
10. A number of factors are responsible for this problem.
11. A number of factors could account for the problem, but the following are the most critical ones.
结尾句式总结句:
1.Perhaps there is an element of truth in both these pictures.
2.As far as I am concerned, Iam inclined to be on the side ofthe former view. 在我看来,我较同
意前一种观点。
3.After a thorough consideration, for my part, I am in favor of the former view. 经过深思熟虑,我
较支持前一种看法
4.In view of the seriousness of this problem, effective measures should be taken before things get
worse.
5.For one thing, it is essential that laws and regulations be worked out and enforced to ban/reduce…
6. For one thing, it is essential that laws and regulations be worked out and enforced to ban/reduce…
For another, the public should enhance their awareness of the importance of….
With these measures taken, it is reasonable for us to believe that the problem will be solved in the near
future.
7.总而言之,我们离不开_______但是同时我们必须尽力找出解决可能出现问题的新办法。
All in all, we cannot live without_______. But at the same time we must try to find out new ways to
cope with the problems that would arise.
8总而言之,整个社会应该密切关注_______问题。只有这样,我们才能_______
In a word, the whole society should pay close attention to the problem of ______. Only in this way
can _________ in future.
话题预测:
四六级的话题主要集中在与我们相关的社会社会话题和与我们的学习成长相关的校园生活话
题,因此针对这两大话题我为同学们准备了以下的一些话题,社会生活方面包括:对待老年人
的问题,行为举止的问题,信息的问题;校园成长话题包括:谦逊,健康,知识的获取。
1.Provide a Better Life for Senior Citizens
Now we have a growing population of senior citizens. To ensure happy lives for them has become a
focus of attention. Our traditional respect of the aged needs updating. They deserve respect,
understanding, companion, entertainment and so on.
There are many things to be done to honor senior citizens. In cities, senior citizens should enjoy some
privileges, such as special seats on buses, reduced fares for entertainment and traveling, and other
benefits. We should do everything to solve their practical problems, to warm their hearts, and to make
them happy. In addition, we should find some ways to provide affordable medical health care, which
is of vital importance to them. Besides, there should be recreation halls and care- centers for the aged.
Most important of all, the state should ensure a decent pension for them, peasants in particular. In the
vast countryside, most aged people are financially supported by their sons, whose life is a perpetual
struggle against poverty. What can they do if they are childless?
Senior citizens, parents in particular, need our love and deserve the best care. Respecting senior
citizens bears vital importance to the family - planning policy inChina. If we do our best to honor
ourparents and the aged, our children will follow our example.
2.Information and My Life
As you know, information plays an important role in our modern society. Someone ~ys that ours is a
society of information. I agree with him. In fact, information is expanding at an increasing rate. As a
member of modern society, I am fully aware of the significance of information to my life. It affects
nearly every aspect of my life. Then how to obtain and deal with information seems to be of utmost
importance.
As for me, the first way to obtain information is to go to library. Our library is so large that it covers a
wide range of subjects. Various kinds of information can be got in it. Information about society,
economy, politics and sciences will give you a fresh mind. Of course, library isn't the only source of
information. I can learn much information by other means. Even when talking with my friends I can
get a lot of useful information.
But information is so immense that we haven't ample energy and time to deal deeply with'it. Moreover,
some of the information might not be true. So, how to select information is also significant to me.
Listen to all, trust only three tenths. To obtain accurate information and to throw off the false part of it
should be our goal.
Information should be made full use in my life. Right now, I try to use information mostly on my
studies. When I get into society several years later, information will probably become more and more
important
3.Good Manners
Good manners are very important in the communication of daily life. Everyone likes a person with
good manners. But what are good manners? How does one know what should do and what should not
do when trying to be a good - mannered person?
Well, here are some common examples. A person with good manners never laughs at a people in
trouble. Instead, he (she) always tries to consult or offer help to the person. When he (she) takes a bus
and sees an old man or a sick man, he (she) always gives his (her) seat to him. He doesn't interrupt
other people when they are talking. He uses a handkerchief when he sneezes or coughs. He does not
spite in public places.
Ideas of what are good manners are not always the same in different regions. For example, people in
Western countries usually kiss each other to show their greetings, whereas inChina, kissing in public is
something of unusual and sometimes be regarded as impolite to somebody else. So it is important to
know what is regarded as polite and impolite before you go to a region. But remember that it is always
right to be kind and helpful to others.
4.Modesty
Modesty is one of the many qualities that cross - century young people should possess. It makes you
foresee your imperfections. It gives you the impetus to go forward. Most important of all, it makes
you accessible and creates favorable conditions for you in interpersonal contacts.
However, many young people do not seem to realize the importance of modesty. Some of them just
feel satisfied with a little success, without the slightest desire to make further progress. Others have
too high an opinion of themselves, totally ignoring other people's suggestions and advice.
Consequently, their immodesty often drives them up against the wall. Worst of all, immodesty takes
many young people away from their colleagues and friends. Therefore they find fewer people with
whom they can confide.
For you to be modest, the first thing to do is to have a full understanding of your deficiencies. No
matter who you are and no matter how talented you are, you are unlikely to be all - powerful. In fact,
you will always, in spite of your talents, find things about which you feel helpless. Besides, you
should also admit other people's strong points and try your best to learn from them. If you keep these
two points in mind, you are on the right path to developing modesty.
5.The Importance of Physical Exercise
Everyone hopes to live happily in the world. Physical exercise is indispensable to a happy life. There
is a famous saying:"Life lies on exercise."Although you will not necessarily die without regular
physical exercises, they'II certainly help you live longer and more healthily.
Exercise is good for us to build our bodies. It helps co - ordinate the different parts of our bodies when
we have sports. For example, we must try our best to co - ordinate the movements of the arms and legs
when we play basketball, or we won't be able to shoot the basket. Exercise also benefits our organs. It
lets the heart beat faster than usual, and then helps enlarge the blood vessels to protect us from heart
attacks.
Exercise can also contribute to the development of our ability to response agilely. For instance, when
you play table- tennis, you must try to reflect as quickly as you can so that you may fight back at the
right position at the fight moment.
Exercise can also contribute to improving our mood. When you do exercise, you move a lot, and you
have to be more active. It helps you become more optimistic.
Exercise will fill your life with various contents and make it more colorful.
What's more, exercise will help you get rid of your inertia. If you keep doing exercise regularly, you
will never be a lazy person. Therefore, exercise has great effect on one's character.
In a word, exercise is helpful, important and absolutely necessary.
6.Reading- The Best Means to Acquire knowledge
Knowledge may be acquired through many ways. One way of getting knowledge is from traveling
Another way is by conversation, especially one with a great man. A person may also become
knowledgeable through other ways such as listening to the radio or watching television. The best way
to acquire knowledge, however, is through reading.
Readingas a means of obtaining knowledge has a number of advantages over many other ways. To
begin with, it is the most consistent way of getting knowledge. One can read regularly but few people
can travel in the same way. Secondly, reading can ensure a thorough grasp of what you are interested
in. This is hardly so when one is listening to the radio or watching TV. Finally, reading is the most
flexible of all the ways to obtain knowledge. For example, one can always read for ten minutes before
going to bed, but it is not always possible for him to converse with others at such a late hour.
However, there exists one problem about reading. There are all kinds of Books in society. Some are
good, while others are bad.'Good books are beneficial to our .soul while bad ones are harmful to our
mind. Therefore, it is of great irnportance for the reader to separate good plants from wild weeds. We
should read good books and reject harmful ones.
7.Value of Knowledge
In the Information Age, public awareness of the value of knowledge critically affects the economic
growth of a nation. As our world is rapidly advancing towards the Information Age, increasing number
of people realize that knowledge is power and creativity is everything. Only whenChinabecomes a
better educated nation, canChinabe a great nation with international prestige.
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